italics: studies excluded due to bad quality; underscore: review- and meta-studies; plain: included studies

Studies on nocebo effects

Back to overview

Back to Knowledge Site


ANSES (2018). Hypersensibilité électromagnétique ou intolérance environnementale idiopathique attribuée aux champs électromagnétiques. Avis de l’Anses. Rapport d’expertise collective. Maisons-Alfort, Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail.

ANSES (2016a). Exposition aux radiofréquences et santé des enfants. Avis de l’Anses. Rapport d’expertise collective. Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail, Maisons-Alfort.

Andrianome, S., J. Gobert, L. Hugueville, E. Stephan-Blanchard, F. Telliez, Selmaoui, B. (2017). An assessment of the autonomic nervous system in the electrohypersensitive population: a heart rate variability and skin conductance study. J Appl Physiol (1985): jap.00229.02017.

Augner, C., T. Gnambs, R. Winker, Barth, A. (2012). Acute effects of electromagnetic fields emitted by GSM mobile phones on subjective well-being and physiological reactions: a meta-analysis. Sci Total Environ 424, May: 11-15.

Baliatsas, C., I. van Kamp, J. Bolte, G. Kelfkens, C. van Dijk, P. Spreeuwenberg, M. Hooiveld, E. Lebret, Yzermans, J. (2016). Clinically defined non-specific symptoms in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations: A retrospective before-after study. Sci Total Environ 565, Sept.: 714-720.

Baliatsas, C., J. Bolte, J. Yzermans, G. Kelfkens, M. Hooiveld, E. Lebret, van Kamp, I. (2015). Actual and perceived exposure to electromagnetic fields and non-specific physical symptoms: an epidemiological study based on self-reported data and electronic medical records. Int J Hyg Environ Health 218(3): 331-344.

Baliatsas, C., I. van Kamp, J. Bolte, M. Schipper, J. Yzermans, Lebret, E. (2012). Non-specific physical symptoms and electromagnetic field exposure in the general population: can we get more specific? A systematic review. Environ Int 41, May: 15-28.

BfS (2008). Ergebnisse des Deutschen Mobilfunk Forschungsprogramms. Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, Salzgitter.

Bortkiewicz, A., E. Gadzicka, A. Szyjkowska, P. Politanski, P. Mamrot, W. Szymczak, Zmyslony, M. (2012). Subjective complaints of people living near mobile phone base stations in Poland. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 25(1): 31-40.

Chu, M.K., H.G. Song, C. Kim, B. Lee, B.C. (2011). Clinical features of headache associated with mobile phone use: a cross-sectional study in university students. BMC Neurol 11, Sept: 115.

Furubayashi, T., A. Ushiyama, Y. Terao, Y. Mizuno, K. Shirasawa, P. Pongpaibool, A.Y. Simba, K. Wake, M. Nishikawa, K. Miyawaki, A. Yasuda, M. Uchiyama, H.K. Yamashita, H. Masuda, S. Hirota, M. Takahashi, T. Okano, S. Inomata-Terada, S. Sokejima, E. Maruyama, S. Watanabe, M. Taki, C. Ohkubo, Ugawa, Y. (2009). Effects of short-term W-CDMA mobile phone base station exposure on women with or without mobile phone related symptoms. Bioelectromagnetics 30(2): 100-113.

ICNIRP (2018). Draft - ICNIRP Guidelines: Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (100 kHz to 300 GHz): Appendix B: Health Risk Assessment Literature.

Kato, Y., Johansson, O. (2012). Reported functional impairments of electrohypersensitive Japanese: A questionnaire survey. Pathophysiology 19(2): 95-100.

Klaps, A., I. Ponocny, R. Winker, M. Kundi, F. Auersperg, Barth, A. (2016). Mobile phone base stations and well-being — A meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment, 544, Feb: 24-30.

Martens, A.L., P. Slottje, D.R. Timmermans, H. Kromhout, M. Reedijk, R.C. Vermeulen, Smid, T. (2017). Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields From Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms Over Time in a General Population Cohort. Am J Epidemiol, 186(2): 210-219.

McCarty, D.E., S. Carrubba, A.L. Chesson, C. Frilot, E. Gonzalez-Toledo, Marino, A.A. (2011). Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: evidence for a novel neurological syndrome. Int J Neurosci 121(12): 670-676.

Meg Tseng, M.C., Y.P. Lin, Cheng, T.J. (2011). Prevalence and psychiatric comorbidity of self-reported electromagnetic field sensitivity in Taiwan: a population-based study. J Formos Med Assoc 110(10): 634-641.

Mortazavi, S.M., A. Mahbudi, M. Atefi, S. Bagheri, N. Bahaedini, Besharati, A. (2011). An old issue and a new look: electromagnetic hypersensitivity caused by radiations emitted by GSM mobile phones. Technol Health Care 19(6): 435-443.

Nam, K.C., J.H. Lee, H.W. Noh, E.J. Cha, N.H. Kim, Kim, D.W. (2009). Hypersensitivity to RF fields emitted from CDMA cellular phones: a provocation study. Bioelectromagnetics 30(8): 641-650.

Negovetic, S., Regel, S. (2011). Nichtionisierende Strahlung - Umwelt und Gesundheit. Schweizerischer Nationalfonds, Bern.

Regel, S.J., S. Negovetic, M. Roosli, V. Berdinas, J. Schuderer, A. Huss, U. Lott, N. Kuster, Achermann, P. (2006). UMTS base station-like exposure, well-being, and cognitive performance. Environ Health Perspect 114(8): 1270-1275.

Sauter, C., T. Eggert, H. Dorn, G. Schmid, T. Bolz, A. Marasanov, V.W. Hansen, A. Peter, Danker-Hopfe, H. (2015). Do signals of a hand-held TETRA transmitter affect cognitive performance, well-being, mood or somatic complaints in healthy young men? Results of a randomized double-blind cross-over provocation study. Environ Res., 140: 85-94.

SCENIHR (2015). Potential health effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks, Brussels.

Schoeni, A., K. Roser, A. Bürgi, Röösli, M. (2016). Symptoms in Swiss adolescents in relation to exposure from fixed site transmitters: a prospective cohort study. Environ Health. 15(1): 77.

Sienkiewicz, Z., J. Schüz, A.H. Poulsen, Cardis, E. (2012). Risk analysis of human exposure to electromagnetic fields. (revised). EFHRAN, European Commission. Brüssel.

Slottje, P., I. van Moorselaar, R. van Strien, R. Vermeulen, H. Kromhout, Huss, A. (2017). Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) in occupational and primary health care: A nation-wide survey among general practitioners, occupational physicians and hygienists in the Netherlands. Int J Hyg Environ Health 220(2 Pt B): 395-400.

SSM (2018). Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk - Twelfth report from SSM’s Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields. Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Stockholm.

SSK (2011). Biologische Auswirkungen des Mobilfunks, Gesamtschau. Bonn, Strahlenschutzkommission.

van Wel, L., A. Huss, P. Bachmann, M. Zahner, H. Kromhout, J. Frohlich, Vermeulen, R. (2017). Context-sensitive ecological momentary assessments; integrating real-time exposure measurements, data-analytics and health assessment using a smartphone application. Environ Int 103, June: 8-12.